Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose .
It’s commonly referred as Diabetes Mellitus by doctors. It is described as a group of metabolic diseases in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated (hyperglycemia). This is because either the body is incapable of producing insulin or the insulin that is produced by the body is insufficient or the body has certain cells that do not respond properly to the insulin produced by the pancreas. This results in the production of excessive glucose in the blood. This excess blood glucose eventually passes out of the body through urine. So, even though the blood has plenty of glucose, the cells are not getting it for their essential energy and growth requirements.
There are three types of diabetes- Type 1 diabetes (Juvenile diabetes), Type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes
Gestational Diabetes – Pregnancy-induced diabetes:
This type affects females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose.
Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made during pregnancy.
The majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with exercise and diet. Between 10% to 20% of them will need to take some kind of blood-glucose-controlling medications.
Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth. The baby may be bigger than he/she should be.
Common symptoms of Gestational Diabetes:
Gestational diabetes usually has no symptoms. That’s why almost all pregnant women have a glucose- screening test between 24 and 28 weeks.
You are at risk for gestational diabetes if –
-You are obese (your body mass index is over 30)
-You’ve had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy
-You have sugar in your urine
-You have a strong family history of diabetes
-You’ve previously given birth to a big baby ( 4 kilos is considered as the cutoff)
-You’ve had an unexplained stillbirth
-You’ve had a baby with a birth defect
-You have high blood pressure