Europe now has a small, but growing, number of solo general partners — folks who’ve opted to raise and run a VC fund all by themselves.
One of the most famous is podcaster-turned-investor Harry Stebbings, who raised over $100m straight off the bat in 2021.
But most are managing much smaller funds: Maximilian Claussen, perhaps the first solo GP in Europe, is on his second pre-seed fund of €27m. Sifted has heard of a few raising at the moment that are aiming for around €10-20m too.
It’s not an easy life — it gives the investors a lot of freedom (they are the sole person who decides which deals get done), but it also carries higher risks and responsibility than working in a team of partners.
And it’s not a career path that’s attracted many women yet — although we know of several solo female GPs currently raising.
So, who are Europe’s solo GPs? We’ve snooped around and think we’ve found them all.
Here, we list those that have already raised their funds (or at least the first part of one).
Stebbings raised his first two funds as a solo GP in 2021 — a $33m early-stage fund and another $107m growth fund — at the ripe old age of 24. It wasn’t his first shot at investing; in 2018, he set up another VC firm, Stride, with former Accel partner Fred Destin.
He’s since brought on a partner, Kieran Hill, who focuses on seed investments, and has made 38 investments from the two funds into companies like Ledgy, BeReal, Remote, Atlantic Money and Kevin. Alongside VC-ing, London-based Stebbings continues to podcast weekly and tweet often.
Early Web Summit employee Kelly has worked with several prominent early-stage investors, including Seedcamp and Techstars. He’s now running his own €6m micro-fund, Foreword, which writes first cheques of $25k-100k at pre-seed and seed. Portfolio companies include Sorare and Localyze.
“Scientist in residence” at Berlin-based VC Point Nine, Benaich is also the sole partner of Air Street Capital, an AI and life sciences investor. His first fund, raised in 2019, was $26m. He’s been investing out of his second fund since the start of this year, and counts Spotify’s founder Daniel Ek, Google AI lead Jeff Dean and Unity’s founder David Helgason amongst his largest LPs, along with a number of US and European institutional investors, family offices and AI founders, operators and researchers.
His portfolio includes LabGenius, Gourmey, Exscientia and Graphcore. He’s helped on the legal and ops side by Paula Pastor Castaño, who used to work at Berlin-based early-stage fund Point Nine. He coauthors an annual State of AI report with another prominent early-stage investor, Ian Hogarth.
Claussen was one of the very first solo GPs in Europe. He runs Berlin-based System.One, a pre-seed VC firm focused on enterprise technology which launched in 2016 with €10.5m fund. In 2020, Claussen raised a second fund of €27m. His LPs include family offices, institutional investors and individuals, and the portfolio includes LabGenius, Prisma and Twain. He has a head of finance who works with him on finance and ops, and the occasional intern.
Yet another Berlin-based solo GP, Grossmann launched Amino Collective in 2020. His first fund, focused on health and biotech, was €10m; his second is “significantly larger”, he says. Both funds are backed by EU and US funds of funds, family offices and high-net worth individuals. Grossmann works with three venture partners, and one of his portfolio companies, Austrian cancer cell screening company Allcyte, was acquired by Exscientia last year. Before launching Amino, he was a director at Swedish healthtech giant Kry, and an associate at German VC firm Earlybird.
Romanian Iordache, founder of one of central and eastern Europe’s biggest tech conferences, How To Web, is raising his first solo GP fund of €20m. He already has half of the capital committed. He will invest in startups from the region, focusing on his native Romania and Bulgaria.
Chalfen hasn’t announced any of his funds, but confirmed to Sifted that he has over $200m in assets under management, and works on his lonesome. His LPs are university endowments, fund of funds and entrepreneurs. He mainly invests in pre-seed to Series A business software startups.
Berlin-based Lange is the founding partner of Inflection, a $40.7m fund which invests in crypto, Web3 and blockchain startups. First cheques range from $500k to $1.5m. Lange was previously an investor at Germany early-stage VC Earlybird. He now has a team of seven working with him, although he’s still the sole partner.
Ajami, a Dutch national, has just closed her first €10m fund. She gained her venture experience working in investment in the Middle East but her firm, London-based Anamcara Capital, focuses mostly on European startups. She invests in B2B startups that provide solutions for small and medium businesses.
Tallinn-based Teller, a former startup operator, has a microfund called Lemonade Stand. He describes it as “an evergreen family fund” — it’s his money, plus that of some Estonian business angels — but he says he thinks in terms of discrete funds. He’s currently on his second, of €5m. He has a part-time lawyer and part-time CFO who help him out, and primarily invests in B2B software startups in the Baltics and Eastern Europe.
Dublin-based early Airbnb employee McCabe runs Nomad Capital, a seed-stage fund focused on marketplace and B2B software startups. He’s also a Sequoia scout. McCabe didn’t get back to Sifted to confirm the size of his fund.
Another former Point Nine-r, Martinez has been running pre-seed and seed stage investor Helloworld since 2020. Martinez didn’t get back to Sifted to confirm the size of his fund.
Amy Lewin is Sifted’s editor and cohost of The Sifted Podcast, and writes Up Round, a weekly newsletter on VC. She tweets from @amyrlewin